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Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 02:50 PM
--- Filmmaking Positions and what they do ---



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Director
Producer (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#2)
Executive Producer (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#3)
Line Producer (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#4)
First Assistant Director (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#5)
Second Assistant Director (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#6)
2nd 2nd (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#7)
Production Manager (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#8)
Unit Production Manager (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#9)
Production Coordinator (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#10)
Post-production Supervisor (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#11)
Production Assistant (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#12)
Gopher (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#13)
Screenwriter (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#14)
Script Supervisor (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#15)
Stunt Coordinator (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#16)
Casting Director (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#17)




Director

The Director is someone that will direct the film in his or her vision. The Director is the creative engine on set and is in charge of all creative aspects of the film. The Directors works very closely with the talent on set to create the look, feel, and get the emotions needed to satisfy the audience, there is a saying that "There are no bad actors, only bad directors" I cannot say that this is correct but it does have some truth to it, a talented director can get a bad actor to perform well with the right direction. The Director will normally have creative say over the script and any changes needed. At the end of the day if a acting performance was below par then it is on the Director. Directing is a fun but stressful job and this is why it is important to have the right crew to handle other aspects of production so that director can focus on talent, shots, and achieving the "look" that he/she wanted to accomplish.

Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 02:51 PM
Producer


The Producer helps coordinates, supervises, and helps find the initial funding (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/content/35-5-quick-tips-fund-your-film.html) for the film. The producer helps hire the correct talented members needed to successfully create a feature film. If a film has the wrong DP, Director, or any other key member then it will normally fall on the Producers shoulder. The producer also helps with finding the right distributor for the film after post production. The producer part of all aspects of the filmmaking process from preproduction to distribution. of a project.

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Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 02:51 PM
Executive Producer


Executive Producer sometimes also referred as "EP" can mean many different things. Normally an executive producer is someone that puts up the funds for the film. Executive producers can also be executives from a distribution company that has funded the film, executive producers can also be an actor that helped with the creative process of the script or production and in return will receive a EP credit. Some talent will not sign for a project unless they receive a EP credit even though they did not put up any money.

Scroll Up ^ (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-and-what-they-do.html#1)

Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 02:52 PM
Line Producer


A Line Producer is a crucial part of the filmmaking process, the Line Producer works hand & hand with the Unit Production Manager (UPM) - These jobs are so difficult that they are normally in first position during the ending credits. The Line Producer manages the budget of the film and makes sure they the film does not go over budget during the process, if they do then the line producer needs to come up with a creative way on how to cut back on other expenses to counter to possibility of going over budget. Line Producers are not needed for budgets under $100,000

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Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 02:52 PM
First Assistant Director


The First Assistant Director (First AD) has a job on set of keeping everything on schedule. The First AD makes sure that the everything is kept on pace during shooting as films can bog down after the director yells "CUT!" so the First AD is there to keep things moving and to finish the film ahead or on schedule. Some of the biggest onset confrontations occur with the First AD and the Director of Photography (DP), this happens because the DP has a job to make sure the scene is beautiful and this can take time, when the AD's job is to keep everyone on schedule, so many times the DP and AD will bump heads if they haven't work with each other before

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Nick Soares
04-11-2013, 04:33 PM
Second Assistant Director


The Second Assistant Director (2nd AD) has a job that can vary from production to production, but will normally work very close with the First AD to keep everything on track. Because large productions have so many departments it is necessary to have a 2nd AD to assist the First AD is keeping everything on track.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:28 PM
2nd 2nd


The Second Second AD (2nd 2nd AD) Is normally a job for productions so large that you need 3 assistant directors, the 2nd 2nd being the one that will assist with setting up the extras, making sure that all departments are preparing the extras correctly and will push them along if they are falling behind. It is the 2nd 2nd job to make sure all the small things are happening on time so they do not slow down the big picture.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:28 PM
Production Manager


The Production Manager is in charge of the "physical" aspects of the production and works closely with pre and post production. The production manager has no creative insights to the film, but is the onset manager. Just like any other managers in other businesses, production managers manage the production of the film, including helping with the budget, and scheduling. It is the Production Manager's responsibility to make sure the filming stays on schedule in accordance with the "First AD" (Assistant Director) and within its budget.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:29 PM
Unit Production Manager


The Unit Production Manager is arguably one of the most difficult positions (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/production/1971-filmmaking-positions-what-they-do.html#post9917) in the filmmaking industry. While many productions vary the UPM is in charge of keeping everything organized and on time, they are in charge of creating the call sheet (http://www.filmmakerforum.org/downloads.php?do=file&id=8) for the next day, if a talent member is sick they rush to fix the issue and many other tasks that create the title "The Hardest Job in the Industry" just ahead of "First AD" - The UPM also have many of the same roles as the PM and LP.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:29 PM
Production Coordinator


The Production Coordinator is the information center of the films production, responsible for organizing all the logistics from hiring crew, renting equipment, and assisting with booking talent. The Production Coordinator is also a very stressful job and works very closely with the Production Manager and UPM.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:29 PM
Post-production Supervisor


Post-production Supervisors are responsible for the post-production process, during which they maintain clarity of information and good channels of communication between the Producer, Editor, Supervising Sound Editor, the Facilities Companies (such as film labs, CGI studios and Negative Cutters) and the Production Accountant. Although this is not a creative role, it is pivotal in ensuring that the film's post-production budget is manageable and achievable, and that all deadlines are met. Because large amounts of money are involved, and most of a film's budget is spent during production, the post-production period can often be difficult and challenging.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:29 PM
Production Assistant


Production Assistants (PA) assist on set and in the production office, doing various tasks that can include printing sides, making runs for coffee or local stores to make sure all supplies are stocked up at all times. Production assistants are an intricate part of film production and in many cases can save a production. Production Assistants on large budget films need to be very experienced and professional in order to work on studio sets, someone who knows the onset moral while the camera is rolling or not is very important.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:30 PM
Gopher


Gopher, meaning (Go For This, and Go For That) is someone who is interested in getting into film and needs to learn what happens on set and how it works. Gophers are normally interns and volunteers want to get a filmmaking experience or just willing to help out. Gophers range from all ages and they will normally help PA's with small tasks.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:30 PM
Screenwriter


The Screenwriter, or Scriptwriter is the person or persons that will write the movie script and may pitch a finished script to potential Producers, or may write a script under contract to a Producer. A Writer may be involved, to varied degrees, with creative aspects of production.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:30 PM
Script Supervisor


Also known as the continuity person, the Script Supervisor keeps track of what parts of the script have been filmed and makes notes of any deviations between what was actually filmed and what appeared in the script. They make notes on every shot, and keep track of props, blocking, and other details to ensure continuity from shot to shot and scene to scene. The Script Supervisor's notes are given to the Editor to expedite the editing process. The Script Supervisor works very closely with the Director on set.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:30 PM
Stunt Coordinator


The stunt coordinator is normally someone that has many years of experience with stunts. They are in charge of safety and working with talent to prep them for the films stunts during pre-production and production. Where the film requires a stunt, and involves the use of stunt performers, the Stunt Coordinator will arrange the casting and performance of the stunt, working closely with the Director.

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Nick Soares
10-20-2013, 11:31 PM
Casting Director


The Casting Director will cast the roles for the film. Many people are surprised when they find out that many productions are cast by the Casting Director and not the Director. Normally the director will decide the lead cast of his/her choosing and leave the rest of the cast to the Casting Director.

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